Bluebird vs. Blue Jay: Songs, Habitat & Identification

Tori Rhodes
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Bluebird vs. Blue Jay

Fact Sheet

Proper Identification:

¬ Bluebird: This bird has a size between 5 to 8 inches

¬ Blue Jay: This bird has a size of around 8 to 12 inches

Blue Jay vs. Bluebird: Habitat and Food sources

¬ Bluejay: The bluejay is from the family corvidae and can be found in various habitats in North America. The blue jay is commonly associated with forest, trees and shrubs. They enjoy diet consisting mainly of nuts, berries, acorns, and any insects present in the habitat.

¬ Bluebird: Commonly known as the eastern bluebird, the western bluebird, and the mountain bluebird, this bird enjoys a habitat in the eastern part of the United States. They are partially migratory and can also sometimes be found in Southern Canada. Their diet mainly consists of wild insects, caterpillars, and berries.

Bluejay vs. Bluebird: Is the Bluejay more dominant than the Bluebird?

¬ The blue jay is much larger than the bluebird. It is also more aggressive so they are more dominant in terms of size and personality.¬

Blue Jays vs. Bluebirds

Songs and Sounds

Blue Jays have a variety of songs and calls, but they are well known for their whistling song. They whistle by inflating and deflating their air sacs. This is the signal that they are about to mate or that there are intruders in their territory.

They also produce a variety of "chip" and squawk calls, as well as jeers. These calls are used to alert others to danger, signal hunger or request to be fed, or to demand a mate.

Size and Shape

Size: The mountain bluebird is a little smaller than the eastern bluebird & roughly 1/3 to half the size of a blue jay.

A bluejay is larger than either type of the bluebird. It is about 8 to 12 inches long with a 2-inch-long tail. Its wings span almost 17 inches across.

The eastern bluebird is not blue in color. Its back is brown, while its breast is a dull gray to brownish-yellow. Its head is brownish-olive to gray.

Color patterns and variations

The male bluebird has a gray back, sides, and head. Its lightly marked breast is grayish-brown. The female has the same coloring as the male but is paler on its chest. The bluebird derives its name from the blue color of its wings.

Blue Jay’s wings are a bluish-gray color with a dark navy blue on the back. They have a bright blue tail with black tips on their tail feathers.

Bluebirds have solid black bill and eyes, while blue jays have a black eyering.


Both of these North American songbirds have a reputation for quick and territorial behavior. However, they are also known for complex social behaviors. Bluebirds for example love living in flocks of up to 100 members. While bluebirds are territorial and can sometimes be quite aggressive, blue jays are more opportunistic scavengers.

Both are omnivores, and blue Jays eat almost anything, including other birds' eggs. However, this behavior is rare and most Blue Jays focus on insects, nuts, and berries. They are both partially migratory, nesting in the north and moving south to escape the cold.

Bluebirds are more likely to attack when threatened. Blue jays will make themselves known and even act as a scout for other hawks and predators.


Bluebirds are mainly found in the woodlands and suburban areas of the United States. A bluebird’s habitat includes the forests, fields, and the edges of woodlands. Bluebird’s favorite backyard habitat is also frequently composed of very large deciduous trees, which are mature and have sparse branches most often found in rural areas. Those trees should have old woodpecker holes or other cavities to truly attract bluebirds. Their preferred habitat also includes suburban areas of the South Eastern United States.

Bluebirds prefer an open space type environment which allows them to easily spot predators. They have incredible eyesight spotting their insect prey up to 50 yards away. Bluebirds prefer chippings and loose wood-chips which provide an ideal environment for the young bluebird.

Blue Jays on the other hand mostly like pine wood and other connifer tree woods. They particularly love mixed woodlands that are not too densely overgrown.

Field Identification Tips

The Bluebird and the Blue Jay are two very similar-looking birds with rather different behaviors.

Besides the obvious color differences, these species also differ in their songs, habitat, and social habits.


Blue Jays aren’t just beautiful birds, they are also quite interesting. There is so much you can learn from observing these creatures day-to-day. They are fascinating creatures and it is always fun to watch them.

Blue jays are beautiful little birds with a large range. They are also intelligent and have distinct personalities. While these birds have brighter and more cheerful personalities, we can’t forget to remember that they are birds too. They still have very similar features to other birds.

Bluebirds are just as amazing as blue jays. They are beautiful creatures that have equally colorful personalities. They love to sing and they look very beautiful while they are singing in flight. There is so much we can learn from these beautiful birds.

Metaphorically speaking, blue jays and bluebirds have a lot in common. In the same way that these birds are both fantastic creatures with beautiful characteristics, the learning knowledge you gain about each of them can be equally applied to other things in your life.