Bluebird vs. Blue Jay: Songs, Habitat & Identification

Tori Rhodes
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Bluebird vs. Blue Jay

Fact Sheet

Proper Identification:

¬ Bluebird: This bird has a size between 5 to 6 inches

¬ Blue Jay: This bird has a size of around 6 to 8 inches

Blue Jay vs. Bluebird: Habitat and Food sources

¬ Bluejay: The bluejay is from the family corvidae and can be found in various habitats in North America. The blue jay is commonly associated with forest, trees and shrubs. They enjoy diet consisting mainly of nuts, berries, acorns, and any insects present in the habitat.

¬ Bluebird: Commonly known as the eastern bluebird, the western bluebird, and the mountain bluebird, this bird enjoys a habitat in the eastern part of the United States. They can also be found in Canada, and Great Britain. Their diet mainly consists of wild insects, caterpillars, and berries.

Bluejay vs. Bluebird: Is the Bluejay more dominant than the Bluebird?

¬ The blue jay is much larger than the bluebird. It is also more aggressive so they are more dominant in terms of size and personality.¬

Bluebird vs. Blue Jay: Blue Jays vs. Bluebirds

Songs and Sounds

Juncos have a variety of songs and calls, but they are well known for their whistling song. They whistle by inflating and deflating their air sacs. This is the signal that they are about to mate or that there are intruders in their territory.

They also produce a variety of "chip" and scold calls. These calls are used to alert others to danger, signal hunger or request to be fed, or to demand a mate.

Since juncos are small and are a preferred prey in the wild, they often use these sounds to warn others and to protect themselves.

Juncos also produce a variety of songs and calls intended to communicate with other species. They have a soft "chuck-awhuck-awhuck" used primarily when greeting their mate. When alarmed, they produce harsh sounds.

Size and Shape

Size: The northern mockingbird is a little larger than the eastern bluebird but less than twice as big as a blue jay

Shown in Fig. 5, the adult bluebird is a little over 6 inches long, including the tail. Its tail is about 1 inch long, and its wings span almost 9 inches across.

A bluejay is larger than either the bluebird or the mockingbird. It is about 7 inches long with a 2-inch-long tail. Its wings span almost 10 inches across. A bluejay’s wings are more pointed in the front than the mockingbird’s, although both birds have rounded tails. The northern mockingbird’s flattened tail is almost straight and more rounded than the bluejay’s tail. The bluebird’s tail feathers point upward.

The eastern bluebird is not blue in color. Its back is brown, while its breast is a dull gray to brownish-yellow. Its head is brownish-olive to gray.

The male northern mockingbird has a gray back, sides, and head. Its lightly marked breast is grayish-brown. The female has the same coloring as the male but is paler on its chest. The bluebird is a slate-gray color all over.

Color patterns and variations

Blue’s wings are a bluish-gray color with a dark navy blue on the back. They have a bright blue tail with black tips on their tail feathers.

Bluebirds have solid black bill and eyes, while blue jays have a black eyering. Male bluebirds have a bright orange-red patch on their shoulders during breeding season. It is much less obvious in females.

Blue jays also have a defined eye ring.

Chickadees are smaller than a bluebird, have two extra tail feathers, have tufts of feathers in the forehead and have a white face.


Both of these North American songbirds have a reputation for quick and aggressive behavior. While bluebirds are territorial and can sometimes be quite aggressive, blue jays are more opportunistic scavengers.

Both are scavengers, and blue Jays eat almost anything, including other birds and their eggs. They are both migratory, nesting in the north and moving south to escape the cold.

Bluebirds are more likely to attack when threatened. Blue jays will make themselves known and even act as a scout for other hawks and predators. Bluebirds will attack during the day when a hawk gets close enough to their nest or young, while blue jays will attack at night.


Bluebirds are mainly found in the woodlands and suburban areas of the United States. They are also considered to be the only bird in North America that is able to mimic human voices in addition to other bird species. Of course, that’s for their own amusement, not ours.

A bluebird’s habitat includes the forests, fields, and the edges of woodlands. Bluebird’s favorite backyard habitat is also frequently composed of very large deciduous trees, which are mature and have sparse branches most often found in rural areas. Their preferred habitat also includes suburban areas of the Eastern United States.

Bluebirds prefer an open space type environment which allows them to easily spot predators. The bluebird can fly faster than a speeding bullet, but sadly they can’t see a gun aimed right at them.

Bluebirds prefer chippings and loose wood-chips which provide an ideal environment for the young bluebird.

Bluebirds prefer a flat roof on your home or any structure in the area because it gives them easy access and a place to relax in the sun.

Field Identification Tips

The Bluebird and the Blue Jay are two very similar-looking birds with very different behaviors.

Besides the obvious color differences, these species also differ in their songs, habitat, and social habits.

The bluebird (Swamp Sparrow) primarily eats insects, while the Blue Jay is omnivorous, preying on squirrels, mice, snakes, lizards and eggs.

Blue Jays are more social and tend to flock, while the bluebird prefers to be a more solitary bird and build their nests in the smaller cavities.

The bluebird is found throughout North America while the blue jay is known for its majestic humor and generally restricted to the eastern half of the continent.

Check out the identification tips below to learn to distinguish these two magnificent songbirds.


Bluebird vs. Blue Jay

Blue Jays aren’t just beautiful birds, they are also quite interesting. There is so much you can learn from observing these creatures day-to-day. They are fascinating creatures and it is always fun to watch them.

Blue jays are beautiful little birds with a large range. They are also intelligent and have distinct personalities. While these birds have brighter and more cheerful personalities, we can’t forget to remember that they are birds too. They still have very similar features to other birds.

Bluebirds are just as amazing as blue jays. They are beautiful creatures that have equally colorful personalities. They love to sing and they look very beautiful while they are singing in flight. There is so much we can learn from these beautiful birds.

Metaphorically speaking, blue jays and bluebirds have a lot in common. In the same way that these birds are both fantastic creatures with beautiful characteristics, the learning knowledge you gain about each of them can be equally applied to other things in your life.